Where were the maiden basket bearers, the armed foot soldiers or the women water carriers?
Marble statues portrayed the mortal and immortal greats, and at the center was a huge cult statue of Athena.Set high above, on all sides in the shadow of the exterior colonnade, was a 524-foot-long frieze in low relief depicting various stages of what appeared to be a single solemn ceremony. This was the price required of him by the oracle of Delphi if Athens was to be saved from its besieging foes.The newly discovered Euripidean text, she said, shows that the story of Erechtheus and virgin sacrifices for the good of the city were themes resonating among Athenians at the time the Parthenon was being built in the heady years following their defeat of the Persians at Marathon.Viewed in this light, the five individuals in the peplos scene could be the mythic royal family: Erech-theus, his wife, Praxithea, and their three daughters. The traditional interpretation of the Parthenon frieze is that it is a re-enactment in stone of the Panathenaic Procession, the conclusion of which is the draping of a new peplos (garment) over the cult statue of Athena kept in the Erechtheum on the Acropolis. Here, mortals and … Later, Dr. Colin Austin, a scholar at Cambridge University in England, determined that the writing was 120 lines of the lost Euripidean play.Reading those lines, Dr. Connelly recognized that the woman in the peplos scene was no ordinary priestess, but probably the queen of the myth, Praxithea. If this was indeed a Panathenaic procession, where was the wheeled ship that should have been drawn to the temple bearing the sacred peplos of Athena? Metope: The frieze of the Parthenon’s entablature contained ninety-two metopes Doric (made by Phidias and his pupils), carved as reliefs. A cavalcade of mounted soldiers was followed by people bringing animals to sacrifice and bearing offerings by musicians, maidens and elders. So, too, the festivities and games for Athena's birthday might have served as a commemoration as well of the Athenian founding myth of Erechtheus and his daughters.
In all of the literature about the frieze of the Parthenon,2 there has been only one attempt to ex-plain the order of the gods and their interrelation-ships. An alternative interpretation suggests that the eastern panels of the frieze depict the mythical Athenian king Erechtheus offering his daughter as a sacrifice to ensure Athens’ success in its war against the Eleusinians.It took a century and 25 failed attempts before the...Trying to decide where in Greece you should go next?...“Can I have the lamb’s teeth?” Haris, a close family...Editor’s note: The following has been taken from...the author of “wild abandon” on the forgotten corners of the dodecaneseglamping in greece: 6 places to camp in style and comfortSign Up for Premium Content, Special Offers & More.
The Greeks built this temple to the goddess Athena in the fifth century B.C., in the golden age of Pericles. The artist James Stuart and the architect Nicholas Revett, members of the Society of Dilettanti in London, returned from a visit to the Acropolis with drawings, descriptions and their interpretation that the frieze represented the Panathenaic festival, which was held every four years to commemorate the birth of Athena. The Parthenon Frieze. STANDING in columned splendor atop the Acropolis of Athens, the Parthenon is the paragon of classical architecture and has long been a shrine of Western civilization. The richness of the Parthenon is unique decorations for a classic greek temple. Wars and air pollution have taken their toll on the rest of the Parthenon, with explosives toppling and destroying statues and columns and corrosive air eating away at the marble and limestone. They approached a central scene above the east entrance, where among other figures, a man and child held a large cloth.The interpretation of these scenes is now facing a serious challenge for the first time in two centuries.The received wisdom on the subject stems from a report by two British travelers in 1787.
Connelly said she felt her ideas were being well received, though Dr. St. Clair of Oxford was not so sure. There were male water carriers, who should not have been there, and also chariots, which were not used in combat by classical armies. "Other elements in the frieze also raised suspicions. But only 125 lines survived, until French technicians in 1962 recovered those papyrus fragments from a mummy at the Louvre in Paris. "Despite the excitement of advancing revolutionary ideas about one of the world's most famous buildings, Dr. Connelly hopes someday to resume her interrupted research on Greek priestesses. Another famous example was Agamemnon's sacrifice of his daughter Iphigenia, which enabled the Greek fleet to set sail for war against the Trojans.In a paper prepared for publication in The American Journal of Archaeology, Dr. Connelly concluded that the new explanation for the frieze "encourages us to re-evaluate our current understanding of the Panathenaic festival itself, an event which may have been more than just the celebration of Athena's birthday. The assembly of gods on the Parthenon’s East Frieze: Artemis faces right while Apollo turns to speak with Poseidon. Icons in the frieze, she said, did not appear to be those usually associated with the priesthood.At the same time, she happened to be reading the rediscovered lines from the Euripides tragedy about Erechtheus, seeking insights about priestesses. The temple is undergoing extensive restoration under the direction of Manolis Korres, a Greek architect.In an interview by telephone from Cyprus, where she is directing archeological excavations unrelated to her Parthenon research, Dr. Connelly said she began to question accepted ideas about the frieze four years ago while studying Greek priest-esses. The youngest girl's funerary dress is being unfolded; she will go first.
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